Difference between revisions of "SGU Episode 801"

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''This is an outline for a typical episode's transcription. Not all of these segments feature in each episode.''<br>''You can use this outline to help structure the transcription.  Click "Edit" above to begin.''
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''You can use this outline to help structure the transcription.  Click "Edit" above to begin.''
 
{{Episode|11|14|2020}}<!-- You should EITHER replace this with the "transcribing all" template:
 
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|qowText = <p style="line-height:125%">There's a certain comfort that comes from knowing a fact. The sun is up in the sky; there's nothing you can say that's going to change that. You can't say, "The sun's not up there, there's no sky." There is reality, and there's nothing wrong with accepting reality. It's when you try to distort reality, to maneuver it into accommodating your particular point of view, your particular bigotry, your particular whatever — that's when you run into problems.</p>
|qowAuthor = Author <!-- use a {{w|wikilink}} or use <ref name=author>[url publication: title]</ref>, description [use a first reference to an article attached to the quote. The second reference is in the QoW section] -->

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|qowAuthor = {{w|Alex Trebek}}, Canadian-American game show host

 
|downloadLink = {{DownloadLink|2020-11-14}}
 
|downloadLink = {{DownloadLink|2020-11-14}}
  
|forumLink =  https://sguforums.org/index.php?board=1.0 <!-- try to find the right ?TOPIC= link for each episode -->
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|forumLink =  https://sguforums.org/index.php?topic=53069.0
 
}}
 
}}
<!-- note that you can put the Rogue’s infobox initials inside triple quotes to make the initials bold in the transcript. This is how the final statement from Steve is typed at the end of this transcript: '''S:''' —and until next week, this is your {{SGU}}.-->  
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Note that you can put the Rogue’s infobox initials inside triple quotes to make the initials bold in the transcript. This is how the final statement from Steve is typed at the end of this transcript: '''S:''' —and until next week, this is your {{SGU}}.
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-->
 
== Introduction ==
 
== Introduction ==
 
''Voiceover: You're listening to the Skeptics' Guide to the Universe, your escape to reality.''<!--  
 
''Voiceover: You're listening to the Skeptics' Guide to the Universe, your escape to reality.''<!--  
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'''E:''' Good evening folks! ''(applause)''-->  
 
'''E:''' Good evening folks! ''(applause)''-->  
 
== This Day in Skepticism <small>()</small> ==
 
 
== Forgotten Superheroes of Science <small>()</small> ==
 
 
== "5 to 10 Years" <small>()</small> ==
 
 
== What’s the Word? <small>()</small> ==
 
* Word_Topic_Concept<ref group="v">[https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/WORD Wiktionary: WORD]</ref> <!-- we recommend having an in-line link to the Wikipedia or Wiktionary entry in addition to the Wiktionary vocab group reference. So, before the Wikitionary reference, put either {{w|word_topic_concept}} or [https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/WORD WORD] -->
 
 
<blockquote> _consider_using_block_quotes_for_emails_read_aloud_in_this_segment_ </blockquote>
 
 
== Your Number’s Up <small>()</small> ==
 
 
== Name That Logical Fallacy <small>()</small> ==
 
  
 
== COVID-19 Update <small>()</small> ==  
 
== COVID-19 Update <small>()</small> ==  
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[inaudible]
 
[inaudible]
  
=== News_Item_1 <small>()</small> ===
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=== 3D Printing with Bacteria <small>()</small> ===
* [link_URL title]<ref>[url_from_news_item_show_notes publication: title]</ref>
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* [https://www.technology.org/2020/11/11/scientists-use-bacteria-as-micro-3d-printers/ Scientists use bacteria as micro-3D printers]<ref>[https://www.technology.org/2020/11/11/scientists-use-bacteria-as-micro-3d-printers/ Technology.org: Scientists use bacteria as micro-3D printers]</ref>
 
==== Sub_section_1 <small>()</small> ====
 
 
 
=== News_Item_2 <small>()</small> ===
 
* [link_URL title]<ref>[url_from_news_item_show_notes publication: title]</ref>
 
 
 
=== News_Item_3 <small>()</small> ===
 
* [link_URL title]<ref>[url_from_news_item_show_notes publication: title]</ref>
 
 
 
=== News_Item_4 <small>()</small> ===
 
* [link_URL title]<ref>[url_from_news_item_show_notes publication: title]</ref>
 
  
=== News_Item_5 <small>()</small> ===
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=== "Pre-bunking" <small>()</small> ===
* [link_URL title]<ref>[url_from_news_item_show_notes publication: title]</ref>
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* [https://theness.com/neurologicablog/index.php/pre-bunking-game/ Pre-Bunking Game]<ref>[https://theness.com/neurologicablog/index.php/pre-bunking-game/ Neurologica: Pre-Bunking Game]</ref>
  
== Interview with ___ <small>()</small> ==
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=== Real Cause of Light Pollution <small>()</small> ===
 +
* [https://www.universetoday.com/148736/most-light-pollution-isnt-coming-from-streetlights/ Most light pollution isn’t coming from streetlights]<ref>[https://www.universetoday.com/148736/most-light-pollution-isnt-coming-from-streetlights/ Universe Today: Most light pollution isn’t coming from streetlights]</ref>
  
== Skeptical Puzzle <small>()</small> ==
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=== Physics Paradox Solved <small>()</small> ===
* Answer to last week’s Puzzle: _brief_description_perhaps_with_link_
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* [https://www.quantamagazine.org/the-black-hole-information-paradox-comes-to-an-end-20201029/ The Most Famous Paradox in Physics Nears Its End]<ref>[https://www.quantamagazine.org/the-black-hole-information-paradox-comes-to-an-end-20201029/ Quanta Magazine: The Most Famous Paradox in Physics Nears Its End]</ref>
  
=== New Puzzle <small>()</small> ===
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=== New Nuclear Thermal Engines <small>()</small> ===
 +
* [https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/energy/a34622021/thermal-nuclear-engine-mars/ The Thermal Nuclear Engine That Could Get Us to Mars in Just 3 Months]<ref>[https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/energy/a34622021/thermal-nuclear-engine-mars/ Popular Mechanics: The Thermal Nuclear Engine That Could Get Us to Mars in Just 3 Months]</ref>
  
 
== Who's That Noisy? <small>()</small> ==
 
== Who's That Noisy? <small>()</small> ==
* Answer to last week’s Noisy: _brief_description_perhaps_with_link_
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* Answer to last week’s Noisy: [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=efSXd56gMCg Sounds from mushrooms' electric current]<ref group=note>The Carbon Ladder YouTube [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=efSXd56gMCg video] has these notes:<p style="line-height:115%">These sounds were produced by living fungi: Shitake mushrooms still attached to their mycelial bodies. A mushroom is actually the fruiting body of a fungus, the "body" of which consists of the mycelium, a network of root-like structures that run through substrate (the log, compost, sawdust, etc.). A mushroom still connected to a growing mycelium produces a varied and interesting rhythm, while a mushroom that has been picked produced only a static tone.<br><br>All living organisms produce a faint electrical current, which constantly fluctuates according to the state of the organism. This current can be amplified and used as a control signal for an oscillator, producing a sound which directly reflects the state of the organism.<br><br>For my installation "Ha, Ha!  Your Mushrooms Have Gone?", fungi actively growing on their original substrate were housed in glass tanks, to preserve optimal humidity. Visitors to the installation were able to hear the sounds of different living fungal cultures, which changed as new specimens were brought in during the course of the work. The bioelectrical sounds from the fungi are switched on and off by infra-red sensors, in response to the movements of people in the room, allowing visitors to interact with the work. Perhaps the fungi also respond to the sonic vibrations in the room.<br><br>– Michael Prime</p></ref>
  
 
=== New Noisy <small>()</small> ===
 
=== New Noisy <small>()</small> ===
[_short_vague_description_of_Noisy]
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[Whirring and crackling, then whirring and squeaking]
 
 
== Dumbest Thing of the Week <small>()</small> ==
 
  
 
== Questions/Emails/Corrections/Follow-ups <small>()</small> ==
 
== Questions/Emails/Corrections/Follow-ups <small>()</small> ==
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<blockquote><p style="line-height:115%"> _consider_using_block_quotes_for_emails_read_aloud_in_this_segment_ with_reduced_spacing_for_long_chunks –</p></blockquote>
  
=== Question_Email_Correction #1: _brief_description_ <small>()</small> ===
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=== Follow-up #1: "Throwaway journals" <small>()</small> ===
 
 
=== Question_Email_Correction #2: _brief_description_ <small>()</small> ===  
 
  
 
== Science or Fiction <small>()</small> ==
 
== Science or Fiction <small>()</small> ==
 
{{SOFResults
 
{{SOFResults
|fiction = <!-- short word or phrase representing the item -->
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|fiction = abandoned properties<!-- short word or phrase representing the item -->
 
|fiction2 = <!-- leave blank if absent -->
 
|fiction2 = <!-- leave blank if absent -->
  
|science1 = <!-- short word or phrase representing the item -->
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|science1 = mean thermal energy<!-- short word or phrase representing the item -->
|science2 = <!-- leave blank if absent -->
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|science2 = once-mistaken pterosaurs<!-- leave blank if absent -->
 
|science3 = <!-- leave blank if absent -->  
 
|science3 = <!-- leave blank if absent -->  
  
|rogue1 = <!-- rogues in order of response -->
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|rogue1 = jay<!-- rogues in order of response -->
|answer1 = <!-- item guessed, using word or phrase from above -->
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|answer1 = mean thermal energy<!-- item guessed, using word or phrase from above -->
  
|rogue2 =
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|rogue2 =cara
|answer2 =
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|answer2 =abandoned properties
  
|rogue3 =
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|rogue3 =bob
|answer3 =
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|answer3 =abandoned properties
  
|rogue4 = <!-- leave blank if absent -->
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|rogue4 = evan<!-- leave blank if absent -->
|answer4 = <!-- leave blank if absent -->
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|answer4 = abandoned properties<!-- leave blank if absent -->
  
 
|rogue5 = <!-- leave blank if absent -->
 
|rogue5 = <!-- leave blank if absent -->
 
|answer5 = <!-- leave blank if absent -->
 
|answer5 = <!-- leave blank if absent -->
  
|host = <!-- asker of the questions -->
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|host = steve<!-- asker of the questions -->
 
<!-- for the result options below,  
 
<!-- for the result options below,  
 
     only put a 'y' next to one. -->
 
     only put a 'y' next to one. -->
 
|sweep = <!-- all the Rogues guessed wrong -->
 
|sweep = <!-- all the Rogues guessed wrong -->
 
|clever = <!-- each item was guessed (Steve's preferred result) -->
 
|clever = <!-- each item was guessed (Steve's preferred result) -->
|win = <!-- at least one Rogue guessed wrong, but not them all -->
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|win = y<!-- at least one Rogue guessed wrong, but not them all -->
 
|swept = <!-- all the Rogues guessed right -->
 
|swept = <!-- all the Rogues guessed right -->
 
}}
 
}}
 
''Voiceover: It's time for Science or Fiction.''
 
''Voiceover: It's time for Science or Fiction.''
  
<blockquote>'''Theme: ___''' <!--
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<blockquote>'''Item #1:''' Astronomers find that the mean thermal energy density of gases in the universe has been increasing, and is now 2 million Kelvin, 10 times hotter than 10 billion years ago.<ref>[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/11/201110133132.htm ScienceDaily: The universe is getting hot, hot, hot, a new study suggests]</ref><br>'''Item #2:''' A new study finds that programs which demolish abandoned properties reduces nearby crime rates.<ref>[https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10511482.2020.1800776 Housing Policy Debate: Does Demolition Lead to a Reduction in Nearby Crime Associated With Abandoned Properties?]</ref><br>'''Item #3:''' A paleontology student has discovered that a fossil collection of ancient sharks in two UK museums are actually pterosaurs, including a previously unknown species.<ref>[https://phys.org/news/2020-11-fossil-shark-mystery-pterosaur.html Phys.org: Fossil shark turns in to mystery pterosaur]</ref></blockquote>
 
 
if there is a theme, make sure you suggest a redirect title next to the "SoF with a theme" category in the category list at the end. If no theme, remove "Theme" and the <br> before "Item #1" 
 
 
 
--><br>'''Item #1:''' ___<ref>[url_from_SoF_show_notes publication: title]</ref><br>'''Item #2:''' ___<ref>[url_from_SoF_show_notes publication: title]</ref><br>'''Item #3:''' ___<ref>[url_from_SoF_show_notes publication: title]</ref><br>'''Item #4:''' ___<ref>[url_from_SoF_show_notes publication: title]</ref></blockquote>
 
 
 
=== _Rogue_ Response ===
 
  
=== _Rogue_ Response ===
+
=== Jay's Response ===
  
=== _Rogue_ Response ===
+
=== Cara's Response ===
  
=== _Rogue_ Response ===
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=== Bob's Response ===
  
=== _Host_ Explains Item #_n_ ===
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=== Evan's Response ===
  
=== _Host_ Explains Item #_n_ ===
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=== Steve Explains Item #3 ===
  
=== _Host_ Explains Item #_n_ ===
+
=== Steve Explains Item #2 ===
  
=== _Host_ Explains Item #_n_ ===
+
=== Steve Explains Item #1 ===
  
 
== Skeptical Quote of the Week <small>()</small> ==
 
== Skeptical Quote of the Week <small>()</small> ==
  
<!-- For the quote display, use block quote with no marks around quote followed by a long dash and the speaker's name, possibly with a reference. For the QoW in the recording, use quotation marks for when the Rogue actually reads the quote.
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<!-- For the quote display, use block quote with no marks around quote followed by a long dash and the speaker's name, possibly with a reference. For the QoW in the recording, use quotation marks for when the Rogue actually reads the quote.-->
  
<p style="line-height:125%"> _consider_using_reduced_spacing_for_longer_quotes </p> -->
+
<blockquote><p style="line-height:125%">There's a certain comfort that comes from knowing a fact. The sun is up in the sky; there's nothing you can say that's going to change that. You can't say, "The sun's not up there, there's no sky." There is reality, and there's nothing wrong with accepting reality. It's when you try to distort reality, to maneuver it into accommodating your particular point of view, your particular bigotry, your particular whatever — that's when you run into problems.<br>– {{w|Alex Trebek}} (1940-2020), Canadian-American game show host</p></blockquote>
 
 
<blockquote>TEXT<br>– AUTHOR (YYYY-YYYY)<!-- <ref name=author/>[this is a second reference to an article attached to quote in the infobox] … don’t use if you just need a {{w|wikilink}} -->, _short_description_ </blockquote>
 
  
 
== Signoff/Announcements <small>()</small> == <!-- if the signoff/announcements don't immediately follow the QoW or if the QoW comments take a few minutes, it would be appropriate to include a timestamp for when this part starts -->
 
== Signoff/Announcements <small>()</small> == <!-- if the signoff/announcements don't immediately follow the QoW or if the QoW comments take a few minutes, it would be appropriate to include a timestamp for when this part starts -->
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* Fact/Description
 
* Fact/Description
  
<!--  == Notes ==
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== Notes ==
 
<references group=note/>
 
<references group=note/>
 
to create a note, type <ref group=note> text link etc. </ref> after the relevant text, or after the punctuation mark if the text to be noted is at the end of a sentence. -->
 
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
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{{Page categories <!-- it helps to write a short description with the (episode number) which can then be used to search for the [Short description (nnnn)]s to create pages for redirects-->
 
{{Page categories <!-- it helps to write a short description with the (episode number) which can then be used to search for the [Short description (nnnn)]s to create pages for redirects-->
  
|Guest Rogues = <!-- search for NAME (nnnn) to create a redirect page-->
 
 
<!-- also note, not all guests are guest rogues; interviewees who don't feature beyond the interview are just guests -->
 
 
|Live Recording =
 
|Interview = <!-- search for NAME interview: TOPIC (nnnn) to create a redirect page-->
 
 
|Amendments =  
 
|Amendments =  
 
|Alternative Medicine =  
 
|Alternative Medicine =  
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|Science & the Media =  
 
|Science & the Media =  
 
|SGU =  
 
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|Technology =  
 
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|UFOs & Aliens =  
 
|UFOs & Aliens =  

Revision as of 06:54, 9 March 2021

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SGU Episode 801
November 14th 2020
[[|link=|center|200px]]
SGU 800 SGU 802
Skeptical Rogues
S: Steven Novella
B: Bob Novella
C: Cara Santa Maria
J: Jay Novella
E: Evan Bernstein


Quote of the Week

There's a certain comfort that comes from knowing a fact. The sun is up in the sky; there's nothing you can say that's going to change that. You can't say, "The sun's not up there, there's no sky." There is reality, and there's nothing wrong with accepting reality. It's when you try to distort reality, to maneuver it into accommodating your particular point of view, your particular bigotry, your particular whatever — that's when you run into problems.

Alex Trebek, Canadian-American game show host

Links
Download Podcast
Show Notes
Forum Topic

Introduction

Voiceover: You're listening to the Skeptics' Guide to the Universe, your escape to reality.

COVID-19 Update ()

News Items

S:

B:

J:

E:

C:


(laughs) (laughter) (applause) [inaudible]

3D Printing with Bacteria ()

"Pre-bunking" ()

Real Cause of Light Pollution ()

Physics Paradox Solved ()

New Nuclear Thermal Engines ()

Who's That Noisy? ()

New Noisy ()

[Whirring and crackling, then whirring and squeaking]

Questions/Emails/Corrections/Follow-ups ()

_consider_using_block_quotes_for_emails_read_aloud_in_this_segment_ with_reduced_spacing_for_long_chunks –

Follow-up #1: "Throwaway journals" ()

Science or Fiction ()

Answer Item
Fiction abandoned properties
Science mean thermal energy
Science once-mistaken pterosaurs
Host Result
Steve win
Rogue Guess
Jay mean thermal energy
Cara abandoned properties
Bob abandoned properties
Evan abandoned properties
'

Voiceover: It's time for Science or Fiction.

Item #1: Astronomers find that the mean thermal energy density of gases in the universe has been increasing, and is now 2 million Kelvin, 10 times hotter than 10 billion years ago.[6]
Item #2: A new study finds that programs which demolish abandoned properties reduces nearby crime rates.[7]
Item #3: A paleontology student has discovered that a fossil collection of ancient sharks in two UK museums are actually pterosaurs, including a previously unknown species.[8]

Jay's Response

Cara's Response

Bob's Response

Evan's Response

Steve Explains Item #3

Steve Explains Item #2

Steve Explains Item #1

Skeptical Quote of the Week ()

There's a certain comfort that comes from knowing a fact. The sun is up in the sky; there's nothing you can say that's going to change that. You can't say, "The sun's not up there, there's no sky." There is reality, and there's nothing wrong with accepting reality. It's when you try to distort reality, to maneuver it into accommodating your particular point of view, your particular bigotry, your particular whatever — that's when you run into problems.
Alex Trebek (1940-2020), Canadian-American game show host

Signoff/Announcements ()

S: —and until next week, this is your Skeptics' Guide to the Universe.

S: Skeptics' Guide to the Universe is produced by SGU Productions, dedicated to promoting science and critical thinking. For more information, visit us at theskepticsguide.org. Send your questions to info@theskepticsguide.org. And, if you would like to support the show and all the work that we do, go to patreon.com/SkepticsGuide and consider becoming a patron and becoming part of the SGU community. Our listeners and supporters are what make SGU possible.

[top]


Today I Learned

  • Fact/Description, possibly with an article reference[9]
  • Fact/Description
  • Fact/Description

Notes

  1. The Carbon Ladder YouTube video has these notes:

    These sounds were produced by living fungi: Shitake mushrooms still attached to their mycelial bodies. A mushroom is actually the fruiting body of a fungus, the "body" of which consists of the mycelium, a network of root-like structures that run through substrate (the log, compost, sawdust, etc.). A mushroom still connected to a growing mycelium produces a varied and interesting rhythm, while a mushroom that has been picked produced only a static tone.

    All living organisms produce a faint electrical current, which constantly fluctuates according to the state of the organism. This current can be amplified and used as a control signal for an oscillator, producing a sound which directly reflects the state of the organism.

    For my installation "Ha, Ha! Your Mushrooms Have Gone?", fungi actively growing on their original substrate were housed in glass tanks, to preserve optimal humidity. Visitors to the installation were able to hear the sounds of different living fungal cultures, which changed as new specimens were brought in during the course of the work. The bioelectrical sounds from the fungi are switched on and off by infra-red sensors, in response to the movements of people in the room, allowing visitors to interact with the work. Perhaps the fungi also respond to the sonic vibrations in the room.

    – Michael Prime

References

Vocabulary


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